What makes the field of artificial intelligence?-It was in 1818, that the story Frankenstein was published, describing a scientist who gets destroyed by his own invention. This book was regarded as the first science fiction novel. As technology grew, this fear has grown to encompass computers and the idea of an apocalyptic future. It is natural to be afraid of change, but what makes the field of artificial intelligence such a target is its rapid growth in recent years because of the Industrial revolution.
For example, Spanish researchers have created a bot that poses as a14-year-old girl in online chatrooms and is capable of remembering past conversations, and with whom. This development depicts we have an incredible ability to emulate human thoughts and emotions, and the progress is nerve-wracking. In a world where machines might be created that carry out human jobs more efficiently and cost-effectively, what is to stop us from losing our livelihood? Machines have already begun working alongside humans in factories and performing medical diagnoses.
The Fourth Industrial (Artificial) Revolution
The First Industrial Revolution made use of steam power to mechanize production. The Second Revolution used electricity for mass production. The Third Revolution used electronics with information technology in order to automate production. Now, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is building on the digital revolution that has been occurring since the middle of the last century. This Fourth Revolution is using a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital as well as the biological
spheres. Artificial Intelligence has occupied its place all around us, from self-driving cars, drones to virtual assistants and software that translate or help in investing. Digital fabrication technologies have marveled at interacting with the biological world on a daily basis. Engineers have teamed up with designers and architects to combine computational design, additive manufacturing with materials engineering and synthetic biology so that they are able to pioneer a symbiosis between microorganisms, human bodies and the products consumed by them.
Impact on the Working Class
A Distinguished Scientist at Microsoft, Eric Horvitz uses a computer avatar as his office assistant which greets visitors, schedule meetings and estimates how long Horvitz will take to finish a phone call based on his past data. Another Microsoft project has a computer working as a medical assistant which performs preliminary diagnoses on patients. These are impressive breakthroughs in artificial intelligence. Although this being a great success in the field, it poses a serious risk to humans. A human worker holds many drawbacks to an employer – they take sick days, vacations and must be given health benefits.
AI and more
A computer is devoid of these things. Artificial Intelligencecan work much faster than a human ever could. Researcher Jason Borenstein mentions that a robotic employee “would neither show up late to work nor have personality conflicts with its co-workers.” Thus there is a danger that humans might soon lose their jobs to machines.
Employers are bound to take the safer, more cost-effective, and more efficient route by hiring robots to replace their complex human employees. Foxconn, a worldwide electronics company, announced in 2011 that it planned on installing 1 million robots in the next three years to perform the more repetitive work currently done by its human workers. A Washington Post article also discusses how sales of industrial robots have risen over 38% since the year 2010.
The workforce has changed rapidly while we invent new machines capable of completing tasks we once believed could only be accomplished by humans. Workers who have developed a certain skill set are in danger of losing their only means of employment if automation keeps continuing at this rate because of the fourth industrial revolution. Computer scientist Frederick Kile predicts that the “masses of idle people” which get produced by the rise in technology shall “lead to strife, rebellion, and wars”. He suggests that the only way we can survive this future is to redefine our humanity beyond our current purpose.
Towards a Positive Outlook
Nevertheless, there is some hope for the future in the field of artificial intelligence. Economists believe that increasing productivity would create jobs rather than destroy them in the fourth industrial revolution. Also, the decreased labor caused by automation of jobs shall result in the creation of more skill-oriented jobs. Like programmers and engineers who can produce robots, and technicians who can fix them. In 2011, an article in IEEE Magazine by Jeanne Dietsche stated that “we are on the verge of an era of unprecedented productivity improvement and economic growth.”
What Else on the AI Based Industrial Revolution?
The employment stagnation will not occur during this era. Since the skill set of the working class will develop matching the needs of the job market. Many jobs lost to robots are those of redundant tasks or information gathering. People in these jobs may have limited skills outside of their current employment.
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In addition, artificial intelligence replaces jobs which are too dangerous for humans, such as the robot developed by a Tokyo Institute of Technology student, which digs up mines and explodes them. The robot can function without electricity thus allowing such work to be done in more remote areas, which is useful for technology that shall be used in war zones. In 2012 Toshiba produced a robot that could withstand high levels of radiation in order to help clean up the Fukushima nuclear power plant.
Artificial intelligence does have a place in our society after all since it could make our lives safer and easier. Also a Fourth Industrial Revolution, Automation inevitably leads to the loss of some jobs. This forces workers to gain the skills necessary to obtain new jobs. We need to ensure that this process is slow and that the resources workers will need are readily