Vaccination in India is becoming a huge issue. India is amidst the second wave of the deadly Covid-19 virus. Not more than 10% population has the vaccine to date and the conditions do not highlight a better scenario anytime soon. As per the Government, the third phase of vaccination is on way from the 1st of May. Still, the states complain about the lack of vaccines even 10 days past the announced date.

Since May 1, anyone aged 18 or over is eligible for a Covid vaccine. This vaccination program has been however hampered given the shortages of doses that have been reported throughout the country.

Probable Reasons for the Second Wave

The sharp ascent in infections since February has a lot to do with the huge number of people attending the eligious celebrations and political rallies. The Government has been condemned for an absence of readiness, and for placing legislative issues and campaigning above public security.

A conflict of words over the public authority’s vaccination strategy has also ensued. Administration have been condemned for permitting a great many portions to be exported earlier in the year. In April it affirmed Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine. Though it is not yet in use in the Country.

Rise in cases of COVID in India
The Peak in Cases of COVID-19 in India this year

Reason for this shortage?

India exported maximum vaccines in the initial phase. Until March India immunized its very own lesser number of individuals than abroad. By April 1 when the drive was open for all over 45, India has exported 6.5 crore shots.

The inadequacies in vaccine supplies has definitely prompted a diversion of fault with vaccine makers in the terminating line. Inquiries over vaccine costs and production limit have assailed the Serum Institute of India and Bharat Biotech. India did not expect to confront a second wave of cases and was not ready for the new attack.

Present Scenario?

Only 30 million individuals have had the total two doses of a Coronavirus vaccine in India up until now. That is a very small number of India’s total population of 1.3 billion people. This is despite the fact that around a fourth of that all out are under 15 years of age. Meanwhile, India’s immunization program is battling to have an effect and supplies are tricky.

India has also allowed the import of foreign-made vaccines such as Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson. Although as yet, none of these vaccine makers have applied for an emergency use license in India. India recently approved the Russian vaccine Sputnik V for emergency use, with plans for it to be made in India. This will be for both the Indian market and for export, although production has not yet started.

According to reports, Vaccine supplies are unlikely to change drastically. India needs anywhere between 200 to 250 million doses a month. Clearly, there is a long way to get to that kind of supply. We can expect the country’s shortage of vaccine doses to continue through July. Only after that then production is expected to increase from about 60 to 70  million doses a month to 100 million.

India's Vaccination Drive
India’s Vaccination Drive