Even when the world is trying to seek out a cure for the dreaded coronavirus pandemic.
A report in Global Times said that a person from China’s Yunnan died from Hantavirus while on a bus to the Shandong province.
All the remaining 32 passengers on the bus have been tested for the virus. The hantavirus report came as China is currently grappling with coronavirus which has resulted in the death of 3,277 people in the country, mostly in its epicenter Hubei province and it’s capital Wuhan.
Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread mainly by rodents and may cause varied disease syndromes in people worldwide. Infection with any hantavirus can produce hantavirus disease in people.
Hantaviruses within the Americas are referred to as “New World” hantaviruses which causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS).
Other hantaviruses, referred to as “Old World” hantaviruses, are found mostly in Europe and Asia. It may cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
Each hantavirus serotype features a specific rodent host species and is spread to people via an aerosolized virus that’s shed in urine, feces, and saliva, and fewer frequently by a bite from an infected host.
The foremost important hantavirus within us which will cause HPS is that the Sin Nombre virus, spread by the Peromyscus maniculatus.
The hantavirus cases come at a time when the entire count of these infected by novel coronavirus globally is nearing the 400,000 mark.
Scientists are yet to seek out a cure for it. the worldwide price has crossed the 16,500 mark
Is it as deadly as coronavirus?
No. Hantaviruses aren’t new and are around for a short time. For one, it’s transmitted to people once they inhale infected rodents’ droppings, urine or saliva.
While social media has been flooded with information that hantavirus may be a newly found virus, it’s actually not. The virus has been alive already.
Fatigue, Fever, muscle aches, headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal pains are early symptoms of HPS. Later symptoms include coughing and shortness of breath. The CDC website says that the virus is often fatal because it features a death rate of 38%.
HFRS has similar symptoms to HPS but also can cause some serious problems like low vital signs, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute renal failure.
HFRS can rarely transfer from one person to a different.
According to the CDC, controlling the rodent population is the primary method of preventing the Hantavirus from spreading.
How People Get Hantavirus Infection
In the United States, deer mice (along with cotton rats and rice rats within the southeastern states and vesper mouse within the Northeast) are reservoirs of the hantaviruses.
The rodents shed the virus in their urine, droppings, and saliva. The virus is especially transmitted to people once they inhale air contaminated with the virus.
When fresh rodent urine, droppings, or nesting materials are stimulated, tiny droplets containing the virus get into the air. This process is understood as “airborne transmission“.
There are several other ways rodents may spread hantavirus to people:
• If a rodent with the virus bites someone, the virus could also be spread thereto person, but this sort of transmission is rare.
• if someone touch something that has been contaminated with rodent urine, droppings, or saliva, then touch their nose or mouth.
• Scientists also suspect people can become sick if they eat food contaminated by urine, droppings, or saliva from an infected rodent.
The hantaviruses that cause human illness within us can’t be transmitted from one person to another.
For instance, you can’t get these viruses from touching an individual who has HPS or from a health care worker who has treated someone with the disease.
In Chile and Argentina, rare cases of person-to-person transmission have occurred among close contacts of an individual who was ill with a kind of hantavirus called Andes virus.
Potential Risk Activities for Hantavirus Infection
Opening and Cleaning Previously Unused Buildings
Opening or cleaning cabins, sheds, and outbuildings, including barns, garages and storage facilities, that are closed during the winter may be a potential risk for hantavirus infections, especially in rural settings.
Cleaning in and around your house can put you in danger if rodents have made it their home too. Many homes can expect to shelter rodents, especially because the weather turns cold. Please see our prevention information on the way to properly clean rodent-infested areas.
Construction, utility and pest control workers are often exposed once they add crawl spaces, under houses, or in vacant buildings which will have a rodent population